Neurological Diseases that Often Affect Babies – We must remain vigilant when we know our children are experiencing something they cannot say and can only cry. we must know what symptoms are experienced and what diseases are affected. Tay-Sachs disease is a neurological disorder when a deficiency of an enzyme (hexosaminidase A) causes an excessive build-up of certain fats (lipids), known as gangliosides, in the brain and nerve cells.
This abnormal accumulation of gangliosides results in progressive dysfunction of the central nervous system. This disorder is categorized as a lysosome storage disease. The lysosome is the main digestive unit in the cell. The enzymes present in lysosomes break down or digest nutrients, such as certain complex carbohydrates and fats. When enzymes such as hexosaminidase A, which are needed to break down certain substances, such as fat, are either lost or ineffective, they build up in the lysosomes. This condition is called “ abnormal storage ”. When too much fatty material builds up in the lysosome, it becomes a poison that destroys cells and damages the surrounding tissue.
The most common type is infantile Tay-Sachs disease, whose first signs appear between 3 and 6 months of age. Usually parents will start to notice if the child’s development and movements are very slow. At this stage, your child may not be able to turn over or sit down. If your child is older, they will likely have difficulty crawling or lifting their arms.
In addition, your child may overreact and be surprised to loud noises and may appear lethargic. From there, the deterioration of mental and physical functioning is usually discontinuous and profound.
If your child shows symptoms that lead to the signs of this disease, consult a doctor immediately so that the cause can be found and get the right treatment.