Types of Autoimmune Diseases

Types of Autoimmune Diseases – In this world there are many types of diseases that lurk in our health. Of course we want to be exposed to a disease that can make many people very dizzy and even really can’t control what they feel. Autoimmune diseases are diseases that occur when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your own body. This disease develops when your immune system misjudges the healthy cells in your body, and instead perceives them as foreign substances. As a result, your body begins to produce antibodies that will attack and damage the healthy cells in your body. Meanwhile, the exact cause of why your immune system attacks healthy cells in the body is unknown.

Types of Autoimmune Diseases

The following are the types of autoimmune diseases that are common:

1. Rheumatism
Rheumatism or arthritis is an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints. The immune system produces antibodies that attach to the lining of the joints, so immune cells attack the joints and cause inflammation, swelling, and pain. People with rheumatism usually feel symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, so they can reduce their movement. If left untreated, rheumatism can lead to gradual, permanent joint damage.

2. Lupus
Lupus or systemic lupus erythematosus can occur when antibodies produced by the body attach to tissues throughout the body. Some of the tissues commonly affected by lupus are the kidneys, lungs, blood cells, nerves, skin, and joints. People with lupus may experience symptoms, such as fever, weight loss, hair loss, fatigue, rash, pain or swelling in joints and muscles, sensitivity to sunlight, chest pain, headaches, and seizures.

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3. Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a disease caused by the rapid growth of new skin cells that accumulate on the surface of the skin. This disease causes the skin to become red, thicker, scaly, and look like silver-white patches. In addition, it can also cause itching and pain on the skin.

4. Inflammatory bowel disease
The immune system attacks the lining of the intestines is called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), because it can cause chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. This disease can present with symptoms of diarrhea, rectal bleeding, urgent bowel movements, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and fatigue.

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the most common forms of inflammatory bowel disease. Symptoms of Crohn’s disease are accompanied by mouth ulcers, whereas symptoms of ulcerative colitis are often accompanied by difficulty passing stools.

5. Diabetes mellitus type 1
This disease is caused by immune system antibodies that attack and destroy insulin-producing cells (a hormone needed to control blood sugar levels) in the pancreas. As a result, the body cannot produce insulin, so your blood sugar levels become high. This too high blood sugar can then affect your vision, kidneys, nerves and gums. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus require regular insulin injections to control the disease so it doesn’t get worse.

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